The 1800’s were turbulent time for Mexico, Sonora and Álamos.
The faded heydays of Álamos silver and trading wealth were in the past.
Confrontation was at the forefront along the northern frontier.
2000 silver bars serve as remittance to Mexico.
Population estimate 9,000.
Mexican colonists becoming dissatisfied with Spaniards.
In the early 1800’s mines in La Aduana were reaching the depth of the water table.
Father Camilo Sanmartin, (San Martin?), finishes church. He is paid 40,000 pesos for his efforts. Another account states the church was finished in 1804 under the reign of Charles the Fourth.
Yaquis resume plundering raids on the Spanish.
Opatas, Seris, Apaches and Pimas over the coming years would also advance in the central and northern districts as Spanish troops were moved to head off the battle of Independence.
Famed German naturalist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt visits the area of Álamos and La Aduana mines.
Population estimate is 7,900 inhabitants.
September 15 – Miguel Hildago y Castilla gives his nighttime “Grito de Delores”, (Cry of Freedom), and the quest for Mexican independence begins. Most of the Sonora, assuming this includes Álamos, were in favor of Imperialists and Spain. During the next 11 years Sonorans, for the most part, stayed out of the war. During this time they were fighting local Indians.
Heavy war tax on quicksilver, used in mining, increases from 80 – 90 to 240 pesos.
9-27-1821 – General Agustin de Iturbide, Spanish rule ends and Mexico becomes an independent nation.
Sinaloa and Sonora remain together in the early years of Mexican
Sinaloa and Sonora are offically joined in the new constitution of Estado Interno de Occidente.
Juan Banderas, (Juan Jusacamea), leads Mayo and Yaquis revolt. Indian prisoners are put to death in Álamos.
population estimate of 5,000 – 7,000.
Indians sue for peace. The Sonoran governor agreed to forgive and forget. He had little choice fearing civil unrest and faced with diminishing funds.
Álamos is declared capital of Estado del Occidente, a newly created state.
Governor Jose Maria Gaxiola makes Álamos his official residence.
1828 – 1829
Don Jose Maria Almada, owner of Quinterra and Balbanera mines in La Aduana, is off-and-on Provisional Vice – Governor. he and his brothers also own many haciendas in Álamos which remains the wealthiest town north of Guadalajara.
The first mint in Alamos was established by D. Leonardo Santoyo, with a concession or grant, obtained from the federal government, permitting him to coin only copper coins. Coinage was produced only in 1828 and 1829 since the copper coins were not accepted by the people. (Information from ‘The Mexican Mints of Alamos and Hermosillo’, by A.F.’Pradeau, 1934)
March 15 – A separation decree reconstitutes and Sonora as separate states.
Álamos incorporated into Sonora. The citizens of Álamos voted in favor of joining Sonora and the Federal Congress agreed.
Yaquis revolt again. Their goal is to drive the “Yori”, (whites), out.
Petty civil wars involve Jose Urrea – Federalist and governor of the State: favored self government by the states.
Manual Maria Gandara – Centralist and Commandante General favored states become departments of federal government. Centralists were the church’s party of choice.
General Urrea enters Álamos with 700 men and demands 50,000 pesos.
Capilla De Zapopan is built on Calle Hidalgo by Don Ignacio Almada y Alvarado for Doña Juana Mallen.
1846 – 1848
Mexican – American war. It is a time of more taxes, disrupted business and Álamos men called into the army.
Beisbol was introduced to Mexico in 1847 by American soldiers during the Mexican War. Americans overseeing railroad construction also encouraged Mexican workers laying track to play beisbol.
Álamos is selected as one of two places to have primary and secondary education. Professor Gregorio Almada, European educated, was the founder and director. The school was first named Seminario Angol-Español.
January 15 – Disastrous battle. Álamos troops pursue Apaches. Álamos, Ures, and Hermosilo are each taxed 7,000 pesos.
Population estimate 4,000 – 4,300. Trade has shifted from the El Camino Real to the ocean ports.
1849 – 1851
Severe cholera outbreak. Hundreds die and hundreds leave town.
The 1800’s continue with the 1850 – 1899 timeline
♦ Other Álamos, Sonora Mexico timelines:
This is a work in progress.
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